8th Workshop on Service Orientation in Holonic and Multi-Agent Manufacturing
“National Level Cyber Security in the Age of IoT”
IoT plays a growing role in our lives, allowing us to communicate with the elements surrounding us in a more efficient, distributed and immediate manner. IoT is utilized by individuals, enterprises and critical infrastructures. We are seeing a trend of Military IoT, where IoT is used by armed forces in order to distribute connectivity, collect data and overall improve the efficiency of the forces in the battlefront.
Improved connectivity, however, entails significant cyber risks, which increase in view of the larger target surface.
The talk will provide a clear understanding regarding the benefits of IoT, the modern cyber risks threatening IoT, some academic challenges that may assist in potential mitigation strategies and an outlook on what nation states are and should be doing in order to counter IoT threats at the technological, methodological & regulatory levels.
Esti Peshin is General Manager of the Cyber Division at the Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. At the beginning of 2017, under Ms. Peshin’s management IAI’s cyber activity was expended from a Directorate to a Division.
She serves also as the Director General (pro bono) of the Israeli Hi-Tech Caucus at the Knesset, the Israeli Parliament.
Prior to assuming these roles, Ms Peshin was the Managing Partner of ENP Solutions Ltd., a strategic management consulting firm; a Partner at Destino Ventures LLC, a private equity firm; and a Partner at Hope Ventures Ltd, a Distributor and Business Development house.
Previously, Ms. Peshin was the CEO of Waterfall Security Solutions, a provider of a foolproof physical security gateway for homeland security and mission- critical installations. Before joining Waterfall, she held an Account Director position in the Lawful Interception division of Verint Systems, Inc. She served 11 years in the Israeli Defense Forces, in an elite technology unit, where she was Deputy Director.
Reality first for reference models and interoperability
The ironware in industrial systems represents more value than the associated computer hardware and software by several orders of magnitude. This is especially true when disregarding non-recurring development efforts. This gap is widening when information technology becomes cheaper, more powerful and more energy-efficient while energy and most raw materials become scarce and more expensive. Moreover, truly added value is created by the ironware and human workers whilst the information systems facilitate this indirectly.
Accordingly, this keynote assesses reference models and architectures (e.g. the Industrial Internet of Things model) while focusing on their world-of-interest. The discussion highlights how reality is (not) reflected within these models and architectures. The talk argues that it is a bad idea to isolate the information processing aspects from the real-world aspects. The usage and scope of reference models and architectures goes beyond reflecting and communicating what the ICT is or does. It also and foremost reflects how reality is accounted for in the ICT systems.
Next, this keynote introduces the concept of in-depth interoperability. Complementing ordinary ICT interoperability, in-depth interoperability addresses the ironware. It concerns the ability of the ironware to interoperate, not the ICT. When ICT adds smartness to the ironware, in-depth interoperability avoids adding constraints and limitations. Only the intrinsic limitations of the ironware are OK. The challenge is to deliver useful and valuable services while providing such in-depth interoperability. The talk argues that slow progress in interoperability beyond the syntactical aspects is due to the failure to recognize the role and contribution of in-depth interoperability.
Background reading: Design for the unexpected by Paul Valckenaers and Hendrik Van Brussel.
Professor Paul Valckenaers has a Master’s degree in engineering, specializing in computer science, and a PhD in mechanical engineering from KU Leuven. He has over 25 years of research experience, including participation in numerous international cooperative research projects. He has translated and applied the concept of holonic execution system to multiple domains: manufacturing, logistics, networked production, fleet robotics, traffic and transportation, smart grids, integrated healthcare. Affiliations and Expertise: Paul Valckenaers is professor in the Faculty of Engineering Technology, KU Leuven, Belgium, and the Department of Healthcare and Technology, UC Leuven, Belgium. Teaching courses in: Engineering (Industrial Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering and Transportation Engineering) and Computer Science (Distributed Computing and Software Engineering)
Paul Valckenaers elaborated a scientific foundation for system integration entitled "Design for the Unexpected". Integration does not fail because of lacking or deficient interoperability. Even semantic interoperability will be insufficient. Integration fails because the systems that are to be integrated have made mutually incompatible design choices. This understanding of truly in-depth interoperability has led to a scientific approach to designing systems that are suited for integration. This foundation has been investigated in the following application domains: - Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) - Logistic Execution Systems (LES) - Intelligent Traffic Systems (ITS) - Robot fleet coordination - Smart Grids - E-Health.
Skills and expertise in: Control Theory, Robotics, Simulation, Logistics, System Modeling, Automation & Robotics, Mechatronics, Automation, Production Engineering, Production.